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28-08-2016

Mummy & Me

FEVER

Definition:

 

Temperature of 100®F or more measured with digital thermometer kept in the ARMPIT.

If your baby has been wearing warm clothes or sleeping with blankets then undress the baby and wait for 5-7 min before taking the temperature so as to get the correct temperature and not false reading due to warm clothes.

 

  • Is Fever bad: NO

 

It is a body defence mechanism to fight against the germs so it’s a natural body protective mechanism.

 

  • Baby feels warm: Is It Fever

 

Never give your baby any medicine without actually measuring their temperature. Touching the baby and feeling warm is not sufficient.  Medicine needs to be given when the temperature crosses 100®F as all medicines have got some side effects and need to be given only when needed.

 

  • Infant head feels warm rest body fine:

 

The head of small babies, usually less than 1 year, feels warmer than their bodies. This does not indicate fever. It is normal. Babies head has the largest surface area in the body therefore the heat loss from the head is more so it feels warm. They don’t need to be given any medicine for it.

 

  • Fever means serious infection:

 

Most of the illness in children is caused by Viruses and not by bacteria. Viral infections are usually mild and self-limiting and usually last for 3-5 days. In these cases the fever comes down in 2-3 days.

 

  • Higher the fever more serious is the infection:

 

You can have high fever in viral infection also so high grade fever does not always mean serious infection.

 

  • Cover the baby and no bath:

 

Most common and the worst of all the Myths. When your child has fever do not make them wear lots of clothes or put blanket on top. It will increase the temperature further. Make them wear a light dress which will help them cool down and also give them a bath which is very refreshing.

 

  • Fever should come down and stay down:

 

If your baby is uncomfortable with fever then give your baby fever medicine like paracetamol or ibuprofen. These medicines keep the fever down but it might come back again but it does not mean that your baby has a serious infection. Fever coming back again is very common in 1st 24-48 hour of illness.

 

 

  • Things to do when your child has fever:

 

  • Give lots of fluid to your baby like water, fruit juice, butter milk, Shikanji, coconut water, breast milk etc. Due to heating of the body lot of water is lost from the body and this need to be replaced.

 

  • If your baby is active alert and playful despite having fever you can hold on to the medicine and just given them lots of liquid and a good bath which will help to bring the temperature down.

 

  • Give Paracetamol drops, syrup or Tablet depending on the age and weight of your child. You usually start with three times a day and if needed can give every 6 hourly also.

 

  • Give the medicine 30-45 min to act and if still the fever is there u can wipe your baby with normal tap water especially armpits and groin area. NOT WITH ICE COLD WATER

 

  • If the fever goes down but comes back again it does not mean that the medicine is not working

 

  • Paracetamol is a safe drug with fewer side effects and has good fever controlling action.

 

 

  • Do not keep giving fever medicine round the clock for more than 24 hrs. After 24 hrs it is advisable to give fever medicine only if fever is there i.e. temperature crosses 100F.

 

  • Do not worry too much if your child is eating a little less than usual. Your child is unwell so their appetite is decreased which is normal. Let them decide what and how much they want to eat. DO NOT FORCE FEED.

 

  • RED FLAGS:

 

Take your baby to the doctor immediately if you find any of the below mentioned signs, which might indicate a more serious cause of fever.

  • Your baby is very sleepy and not taking any feeds

 

  • Lips looks dry and has passed less urine as compared to their usual days

 

  • Having Vomiting and Headache both at the same time.

 

  • Crying while passing urine, itching in the area of urine, increase in the number of passing urine.

 

  • Your child is very sleepy and difficult to wake up.
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June 1st, 2015 by Posted In: Mummy & Me

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All about calcium carbide

  • Under PFA Section 44AA, the use of calcium carbide for artificial ripening of mangoes, apple,plum, banana is prohibited and can attract both imprisonment and fine.
  • Calcium carbide powder is usually kept wrapped in paper between the fruits (unripe mangoes)in a basket or box.
  • Once the basket of mango is closed from the top, calcium carbide absorbs moisture andproduces acetylene gas, which accelerates the ripening process of fruits.
  •  The health hazards are related to the gastrointestinal tract, kidney, heart, liver and brain andin long run cancer.
  •  Calcium carbide 1kg is available for Rs. 25/– and is sufficient to ripen 10 tons of fruit.

 

  •  How do we know that the fruit has been artificially ripened with calcium carbide?

 

  •  It will be less tasty.
  •  The aroma will be different
  •  It is uniform in color.
  •  The color of the mango changes from green to dark yellow.
  •  It will have a shorter shelf life.
  •  It will be overtly soft.
  •  There may be black patches on the mango skin.
  •  There may be multi color patches on the skin of the mango (Red, yellow, green

patches)

  •  Never eat off–season fruits, especially before time
  •  Rinse all fruits in running tap water for few minutes before use
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May 25th, 2015 by Posted In: Mummy & Me

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Sleep

Developing good sleep hygiene is one of the most important aspects of child care. Certain aspect already been discussed in the section on sleep for babies 0 to 6 months of age. In India most parents put their babies to sleep in the same bed as themselves. In such a case every precaution has to be taken by them to ensure that the baby is not harmed when they roll over or move in the bed. If one cannot be sure about it, then it is better to put the baby to sleep in a crib to start with.

First and foremost step in developing good sleep hygiene is to put the babies in bed when they are drowsy and allow them to fall asleep all by themselves rather than putting in the bed after they sleep off You can rock them, or sing to them drowsy. If you rock them, sing to them. Or feed them till they go into deep; they will expect you to do the same to put them back to sleep when they wake up at night. From the very beginning ensure that babies do not develop any such sleep associations.

Babies should not get used to only the mother putting them to sleep. Fathers also should take an active interest in putting their babies to sleep.

You can also give the baby a nice bath with warm water before bed time. An infant (0 to 12 months) has to be put to sleep on his/her back. And never on the tummy. This is to avoid accidental suffocation and death.

Give dinner at least 1 or 2 hours before bed time.

Establish a good bed time routine. Be consistent and firm about it. Never try to force the children to sleep when they are not sleepy at all. That will only make the child resist you more secure, and will lead to further sleep problems.

My son is 11/2 years of age. He always  needs me to rock him for falling asleep. Is there any other easier way to make him fall asleep?

Whenever he wakes up in the middle of the night I have to rock him to make him go back to sleep.

You are facing this problem because you have got your son used to getting rocked for falling asleep. You have to gradually and consistently wean him of this habit. Otherwise you will have disturbed sleep, and thus feel extremely tired during the day time. Try giving him his favorite safe toy to hug every time you put him to bed.

Do not panic if he cries and asks you to rock him. Be firm; but of course do not let him cry for long. After 3-4 days, he will understand that you are not going to rock him to put him to sleep. He won’t expect you to rock him when he wakes up in the middle of the night because he has learnt to fall asleep by himself.

 

My son is 11/2 years of age. He wakes up at night at least twice to drink milk. Is it okay?

Most probably you give him milk every night just before he sleeps. In that case, he would have started associating his sleep with drinking milk. That is why he wants to drink milk to go back to sleep whenever he wakes up at night. Try to wean him off this habit by following  steps similar to what I have written in the previous answer.

My daughter 4 years of age goes to bed only at 12:00 am. She resists if I try to put her to bed early. What should I do?

It is not too late to regularize her sleep. Enforce strict bed time routine.

Let the atmosphere at home be quiet and relaxing before bed time. Discourage her form watching TV and playing active sports just before bed time. Encourage her by giving small gifts whenever she goes to bed on time.

My son is one and a half years of age. He grinds his teeth during his sleep. What is the problem with him? Will it affect his teeth in some way?

This is known as ‘bruxism’. It is a relatively common problem with young children. It is said that some children relieve their daytime anxiety and stress by grinding their teeth at night. Try to relieve your son’s daytime anxiety-You might be forcing him to ear what he doesn’t like to, or might be forcing him to toilet train. Try to see that there is no inconsistency in the way either parent handles him from time to time. Do not force him to go to bed. Take him to bed when he feels sleepy.  

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May 15th, 2015 by Posted In: Mummy & Me

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Teeth care – Tips

  • Care of teeth can start just before the eruption of milk teeth. After feeding the baby, gums and tongue can be wiped clean with a wet, soft and clean cotton cloth.
  • Brushing of teeth can start when sufficient teeth have appeared i.e. from around 1 year of age.
  • Tooth brushes which have soft nylon bristles can be used.
  • Teeth needs to brush twice a day, especially before night time.
  • Parental supervision is must till 4 years of age.
  • It is easier for the parents to brush the child’s teeth by standing behind the child and tilting his head slightly backwards.
  • Only a pea-sized amount of tooth paste has to be put on tooth brush. Children tend to swallow bit amount of toothpaste , don’t worry for it.
  • There is something called floss available in medical shops. Flossing of teeth can be done for older children periodically. This is very effective in cleaning those areas where tooth brush cannot reach.
  • Bottle feeding leads to early decay of teeth, so please please avoid bottle feeding.
  • The child also needs to be trained to rinse mouth every time after eating food or drinking milk, juices etc
  1. YOUR QUESTIONS
  2. QUESTION – My 7 months old daughter is very irritable and lots of saliva is drooling from her mouth since last few days. What is the problem with her?

It is most likely that her teeth are going to erupt. Try to give her something cold to chew. Teether are available in market for the same purpose. You have to keep the teether in fridge(not the freezer) . You may also give her some vegetable pieces like carrot.

QUESTION : Does teething cause diarrhea?

No, most of the time it is just a coincidence.

QUESTION : My son is 9 months of age. He still hasn’t got his first tooth. why?

Most babies get their first tooth at 6-7 month of age. If it is delayed most likely cause is genetic.  so don’t worry and wait for some more time.

QUESTION: My son is 3 years old. All his central upper teeth have turned  black. what should i             do?

Your son has developed something called ‘ baby bottle tooth decay’ which occur more commonly in child who continues to drink milk from bottle even after 1 year of age.  Show him to dentist. Follow proper dental hygiene as advised above. Stop milk from bottle.

QUESTION : My daughter is 8 years old. She has buck teeth . All the teeth appeared crowded.                 What to do?

Consult a dentist. Do not ignore the problem

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April 27th, 2015 by Posted In: Mummy & Me

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